Glossary of 纸 条款

一种标准纸张尺寸,用于确定给定等级纸张的基本重量. The standard size varies, 这取决于纸张的等级或类型,与传统的最终用途有关.

The weight in pounds per ream of paper cut to its basic size. A standard ream is defined as 500 sheets.

耐用, strong writing paper originally used for bonds, now used for letterhead and other stationary.

亮度是某一波长(457纳米)的光从纸张表面反射出来的百分比,与纸张的亮或暗程度有关. 高亮度的纸张与黑色墨水形成更大的对比,使墨水颜色更生动. 低亮度纸张传统上用于书籍印刷或少量使用阅读和处理.

通常用于归档或邮寄的重量或厚纸(通常为6pt或更高).

A measure of the strength of paper to withold pressure.

一页纸的厚度,用千英寸或千分来表示. 

Collectively, 两张或两张以上的纸,通过施加压力将图像从上面的纸转移到下面的一张或多张纸上, without the use of a carbon sheet.

用作基本材料的纸,通过转换过程改变以创造另一种纸产品.  Examples include envelopes, paper bags, tablets and forms.

Also referred to as card stock; a heavyweight paper designed to be used as booklet, magazine covers or brochures.

The tendancy for a sheet of paper to bend, 要么是设计的(比如办公文件),要么是不希望的(由于纸张内水分不平衡).

一种打印技术,通过将电子文件从计算机传输到或通过其他数字存储设备传输到打印机,从而将文件或图像传送到打印机, either a digital press or an inkjet device. 数字 printing is best suited for smaller runs.

特制的用来转换成信封的纸.  

将某一特定的基准重量与另一不同基准尺寸的纸张进行比较的方法. 它是用不同的基本尺寸表示的基本重量. 

纸张表面的特征,以表现平滑或纹理. Examples include Smooth, Super Smooth, Vellum, Wove and Antique.

在恒定的张力下,纸能承受不破裂的双折次数.

通过透光,观察其结构和均匀度来判断形状. 平整良好的纸张,印刷品的斑驳较少,不透明度更均匀.

纸 that contains less than 10% groundwood or mechanical pulp.

指纤维在造纸机上沿其流动方向的排列. 在纸的纹理方向上折叠和评分效果最好. 晶粒也会影响撕裂强度、刚度和尺寸稳定性.

纤维平行于长边排列的纸. A longer dimension noted last indicates grain long -- 11" x 17".

纤维平行于短边排列的纸. A shorter dimension noted last indicates grain short -- 17" x 11".

A heavyweight card stock typically used for folders and cards.

指通过将微小的液体墨水(或染料)液滴喷洒在纸张表面而再现数字图像的印刷技术.

一种由硫酸盐纸浆制成的结实的纸,通常用于制作信封和袋子.

适用于支票或其他可以用磁墨印刷的商业文件的纸张. 然后,通过磁墨字符识别,数据处理设备可以读取文件.

这是纸张所含的水分量,以纸张总重量的百分比表示. Uniform moisture is a necessity in all grades of paper. 

将油墨从印版转移到橡皮布或滚筒上,从而产生一幅原始图像的多个印痕的过程, then to the surface of the print media. Offset printing is best suited to larger runs.

纸张阻挡光线透射和印刷显示的能力. It is particularly important in two-sided printing. It also affects readability and overall appearance. 不透明度 is improved by scattering, absorbing or reflecting light. 二氧化钛和碳酸钙等填充物会散射光线, while blue and violet dyes absorb it. 

以高不透明度和最少透光量为特征的纸张.

Refers to the resistance paper has to air permeation. A higher number means less porosity.

某一特定纸张的耐墨程度, uniformity, smoothness, compressibility and opacity.

Fiber derived from previously manufactured and consumed paper, having been discarded after its original use life.

空气中所含的水分,以一定温度下空气中所能容纳的最大水分的百分比表示. Ideal printing conditions call for a RH at 45%.

The extent to which paper can run in printing, converting and other processing equipment, without jamming, breaking or otherwise causing mechanical failure.

纸张的内部施胶影响吸光度、强度和持久性. External sizing improves resistance to water, ink and other fluids, seals down surface fibers and improves surface strength. 典型的施胶剂有松香、胶水、明胶、淀粉树脂、蜡等.

不均匀,不均匀未涂布的板材表面的均匀或缺乏轮廓.

The extent to which paper resists bending.

A quality measured by tests for burst, 眼泪, tensile and folding strength, 每一种方法都测量纸张承受不同方向力的能力.

一种重而耐用的卡片,通常用于标签、卡片、菜单和文件夹.

The Technical Association of the 纸浆 and 纸 Industry, 在纸浆和纸张的制造和使用方面建立了公认的技术标准和测试程序,是一个颇受尊敬的专业组织.

A measure of the amount of force  required to 眼泪 paper.

The maximum force required to break a strip of paper.

在造纸机上可以制成的最宽的成品纸或在转换过程中从一卷纸上剪下的不需要的废料. 尽可能地利用薄板的最大宽度(裁切)来减少浪费。, into finished goods.

A paper finish characterized by a slightly rough or toothy surface. Vellum finish should not be confused with vellum paper, which is a transluscent paper used primarily for drafting.

来自首次用于造纸的木材来源的纤维,不回收.

纸张表面对可见光谱中所有波长的光的反射程度.

A smooth, even paper finish that displays no texture.

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